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Automotive components: a growing market

    Car appear more and more electronic equipment and systems, and they are also the driving force of innovation car features.

    Automobile manufacturers are increasingly using electronic systems and a variety of semiconductor integrated circuits for automotive applications,booster cables including driver information and communication, in-car entertainment electronics, power train and body control electronics and automotive safety and comfort equipment.

    700 million annual global vehicle sales for the automotive electronics products provide a huge market opportunity. battery clip Car sales in Western Europe only reached about 250 million. According to market research firm Research & Markets (Research and market) forecasts that by 2010,tow rope cars used in the electrical and electronics components accounted for cars ratio of total cost from the current 25% to 40%. Integrated into the vehicle electrical and electronic half of the component semiconductor integrated circuits. As the market value in 2011 reached 123 million euros (1.80 billion U.S. dollars) and average annual growth rate of 6-9 percent, ratchet tie dowm automotive electronics market will be the main points in the markets.

    The growth rate of the global automobile production in sharp contrast. Global automobile production over the forecast period, the average annual growth rate of about 3%. Therefore, the revenue from the sales side, automotive electronics market is much faster than the growth rate of the automotive market. This shows that the electron density of enterprises and the increasing complexity of the overall trend. According to the German ZVEI (German Electrical and Electronic Industry Association) organization, said the global auto market will grow 11.9% in microelectronics. By 2011, the global automotive sales of microelectronics market from 2006 to 191 billion dollars to 335 billion U.S. dollars.

    Automotive electronics has become a major auto market differentiation criteria. Significantly reduced in the profits, sales and production growth slowing, competition is more intense and the growing commercialization of automotive vehicle market, automobile electronic products will increase the value of the car, especially in Western Europe.

    Auto market is an important driver of management for greater safety and reduce vehicle emissions requirements. The law can quickly create the conditions for the rapid development of this market.

    In the next five years, five areas of automotive electronics is expected to drive growth and technological innovation. These areas include: to reduce emissions and improve engine efficiency; traditional mechanical systems to electronic control (the so-called "x-by-wire" systems and driver assistance systems) the transition to improve security and reduce power consumption; enhanced personalization features, such as navigation and communication systems; convenience and comfort of the growing demand; emerging countries growing demand for cars.

    In these five areas, navigation and communication systems, and improve vehicle safety solutions to improve the application of semiconductors in cars full potential.

    China's auto market.

    Growth in China's auto market is booming. According to market research firm iSupply said that by 2011, China's global electronic system production of semiconductor consumption will double to 18.4 billion. This growth is mainly due to the domestic light vehicle production growth in demand for electronic components and many global car manufacturers are the production activities to China.
    From the Americas, Europe, Japan and South Korea's international automotive electronic systems and component suppliers have started joint ventures with Chinese companies. These foreign companies, including Delphi, Bridgestone, and Bosch. In the last few years, GM has invested 350 million U.S. dollars in Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southwest China's Wuling joint ventures, the headquarters building of a modern production plant. Commercial production of these plants, low prices, low fuel consumption of light vehicles. This is GM's strategy in North America the opposite. GM sells in North America, large, expensive SUV and trucks. This strategy is currently subject to the gasoline prices and the challenge of changing consumer tastes. Consumers are now more conscious of environmental protection. In addition, the analysts forecast global demand for small businesses in the next decade to grow 30%. China's auto market grew 25% last year. China has surpassed Japan as the world's second largest auto market, car sales amounted to 8 million years , including mini-trucks and mini-cars. As China's car ownership per 100 people was 10%, while the United States and Western Europe for every 100 people is 80% car ownership, so that China's growth potential is enormous. According to research firm ACNielsen said the Chinese people who want to own a car are more than any other country, but they do not want to buy a car now. China's auto component industry in 2009 will grow to 580 billion U.S. dollars, average annual growth rate of 15%. China's domestic production of certain auto parts to meet the growing domestic demand. By 2011, semiconductor consumption is expected to grow to 28 billion U.S. dollars. Than in 2006 nearly 15 billion market has grown nearly doubled. According to market research firm Research & Markets, said it would make China the world's fastest growing automotive electronics market. The report said that by 2012, China's average per vehicle the value of electronic components from 300 U.S. dollars in 2003 increased to $ 500.

    For the "four wheels" of the electronic systems and components.

    Per vehicle in 30 different functional integration of electronic systems from 70 to 100 processors. These electronic systems, including engine control, powertrain, body electronics, security, entertainment and security systems. Semiconductors for the automotive equipment, including microprocessors (PowerPC and ARM architecture commonly used), 8,16,32 bit microcontrollers, DSP (digital signal processor), programmable logic devices, interface chips, switch, ASIC, system level packaging, chip, memory integrated circuits, resistors, capacitors, inductors, micro-electromechanical systems, optoelectronic components, and many sensors. According to market research firm StrategyAnalytics said that in 2007, used car sales of the two sensors 26 million, total sales revenue of $ 26,000,000. Automotive electronic circuits in the future, for accurate, closed-loop, real-time control and seeking to address a lot of data from multiple sensors such as the growing demand. Configuration for the system implementation (such as for adaptive forward lighting system, lights) is also a large number of semiconductor components. In particular, micro-motor system represents a very promising technology that can be used airbags, stability control, tire pressure monitor, engine air flow control and detection systems and other passenger car system. N-Stat/MDR market research firm predicted that the average per vehicle at least 10 micro-motor devices. The micro-motor equipment, the total market value of 1.5 billion. Other emerging applications include remote keyless entry (PKE) system for multimedia display of biological sensors and optical micro-motor system. For example, last year launched a Hitachi finger vein recognition technology, the driver to seize the steering wheel in a few seconds to be able to verify the identity of the driver. Hitachi predicts that by 2010, the finger vein recognition sensor will begin to replace the traditional key-based ignition device. About virtualization solutions, for the larger screen and the growing demand for touch screen. These displays range from 6.5 to 8.8 inches car navigation display and the dog from 3.5 to 4.3 inches of the individual personal navigation devices will grow to 4.8 to 5.2 inches.

    Car video cameras used in the number will grow significantly. These video cameras will be used for cruise control, collision avoidance, or video surveillance applications. Including the number of companies, including Sharp, are developing specifically for the car video system. Car video camera will also offer WVGA resolution and CCD (required for higher resolution) or lower prices based on CMOS technology. According to market research firm StrategyAnalytics said that in 2008 global vehicle video camera shipments will reach 700 million units, sales revenue will reach about 4,000 million U.S. dollars. And integrated video camera in the phone about 50 times the market will expand. However, automotive applications, more stringent requirements will make this a very profitable market niche.

    LED applications in cars, especially in the rear of the application, accounting for about 10% of the market. With incandescent systems, LED-based lighting systems with high efficiency, long life and low power consumption is known. LED popularity in the automotive industry so far has been very slow, mainly due to driving the circuit is very complex, high production costs. Currently, LED production costs are actively decline. LED is also very suitable for automotive interior lighting applications. A car needs 100 to 200 white LED. Therefore, the market potential is very great. The current size of this market is $ 740,000,000, is expected before the year 2010, a CAGR of 14.2%. IC application in automotive safety is the highest growth trends, followed by the body and trunk, these two applications growth rate of 9.8%. In these areas, need accurate, closed-loop, real-time control and seeking to address a lot of data from multiple sensors in order to make cars safer, more fuel efficient and cleaner exhaust emissions.

    The most important automotive body electronics applications, and its market size in 2007 was 44 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 26% of the market. In 2013, this market will reach 80 billion U.S. dollars. Electronic systems for engine control from 2007 to 2013 compound annual growth rate of 5.7% from 2013, 2007, the scale of 50 billion dollars to 70 billion dollars. This strongly suggests that demand for computing power processing performance to meet the increasingly stringent requirements. System will depend on View the table model-based platform for the management of large amounts of data changes. For example, the fuel injection control is based on several factors, including manifold pressure, battery voltage, engine speed, throttle position and exhaust oxygen content. Car electronics applications represent a very tough environment, because of vibration, temperature changes (possibly to zero at minus 40 degrees of 150 degrees), with fuel, severe electromagnetic fields (up to 200V / m, while the industrial the electromagnetic field and the family only 10V / m and 3V / m), ± 100 V peak transient voltage peak, humidity, dust, sudden load changes and possible short circuits. Electronic equipment to the automotive environment required high standard of quality assurance and reliability. Failure of a component may be a threat to the safety of car occupants. Automotive electronic components in accordance with AEC-Q100 test evaluation processes, and ISO-TS16949 technical specifications. This specification was developed by International Automotive Task Force.

    Information system in the car, must co-exist and facilitate the important task level layer. The former control the engine, which provides tools (such as electronic window.) Although the latter is not very important for security, but must be worked. With the auto industry efforts to reduce the chip design fault, which will promote the new IC and electronic system design requirements. Need a gateway. The gateway is an electronic system, as an important safety components, convenient layer and the remote information processing systems and other components of the interface.

    According to market research firm Databeans said, Freescale Semiconductor is a global leader in automotive semiconductor vendor market, accounting for 11% market share. Followed by Infineon, a market share of 10%. STMicroelectronics ranked third in market share 9%. Renesas Technology's market share of 7%. NEC Electronics market share of 6%. other vendors market share of 58%. This shows that automotive semiconductor market is very fragmented.

    Operating in the automotive market, companies are seeking ways to speed up new semiconductor-based application functionality and reduce costs. These include system developers and semiconductor companies to cooperate more closely, the entire industry-wide adoption of software standards and the protection of intellectual property rights. Automotive electronic systems used in the system-level design also need to have extensive experience. These experiences can be obtained through strategic cooperation. An example of such cooperation Freescale Semiconductor and STMicroelectronics, the cooperation between the two years ago. The two companies recently launched a joint design program of their first four cars produced by the power structure of microcontroller products.
    And 8,16 and 32-bit microcontrollers.

    STMicroelectronics and is headquartered in the Netherlands for the automotive industry Mobileye vision-based advanced driver assistance systems to develop a EyeQ2 system chips. Last March, Infineon and car manufacturers in Seoul, Hyundai Motor Company opened a joint innovation center, long-term strategic co-development and application in modern cars, and in 2010 the company listed in the Kia automobile automotive electronic systems and architecture. Delphi is working with Infineon to develop a joint development project. The project to Infineon's XC2200 family of microcontrollers is based on an Autosar standards.

    Industry Alliance is the development of adequate critical automotive electronic systems. The industry consortium include: OSGI (Open Services Gateway organizations), MISRA (Motor Industry Software Reliability Association UK), AMI-C (Automotive Multimedia Interface Association), ERTICO (European Road Transport Information and Communication Cooperation Organization), which is the European Union Committee in order to develop their own intelligent transportation system created in 1991. Autosar (Automotive Open System Architecture) and Jaspar (Japan Automotive Software Platform Architecture) is to promote standardization of network interfaces, and enterprise application software modules of the organization. IBM-sponsored by the Eclipse open-source software community members WindRiver, Altera and Xilinx and others. The group developed a framework that allows for the optimization of the entire product life cycle development of software.

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