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China's export of electromechanical products trade experience, "surrounded by ambush"

       According to WTO statistics, the financial crisis, the global introduction of new protectionist measures far more than trade liberalization policy. Which, by the protection of the most serious product categories include dairy products, steel, booster cables automobiles, chemicals, plastics and textiles.
         This edition special attention to two areas: the Chinese import and export of competitive products and electrical products and foreign trade protectionism by one of the products to combat serious chemical products.
    As a major part of China's exports,battery clip the trade barriers faced by mechanical and electrical products should be cause for concern. Mechanical and electrical products to China in 2009 the foreign trade remedy cases initiated by the industry and the textile industry in all tied for third, behind metallurgical and chemical industries.tow rope Mechanical and electrical products to China to foreign anti-dumping and special safeguard measures based, in 2009, China mechanical and electrical products abroad initiated 14 cases of anti-dumping, special safeguard measures 1 onwards,ratchet tie dowm there is no countervailing measures. Developing countries are machinery and electronic products in China trade remedy investigations initiated frequent. Among them, Argentina 5 China's electromechanical products launched anti-dumping, anti-dumping machinery and electronic products accounted for the total number of China 1 / 3, the most prominent.
    States more stringent requirements on energy consumption.
    Intensive introduction of the EU EuP Directive, the implementation of EuP Directive highlights the urgency and mandatory. The European Commission released the proposed 2008 and 2009 and submitted for discussion by the EU EuP implementing measures work plan, the list will be considered as a priority the implementation of measures approved a total of 25 intensive implementation of measures will be introduced. From August 2005 EuP Directive came into force, to August 2008 the European Commission to the WTO Secretariat reported that only the first draft implementing measures EuP Directive and the EU in less than six months, the concentration notified to the WTO Secretariat EUP Directive 5 draft measures, which was then quickly released to the European Commission of its regulations, directly applicable in all Member States.
    Reduce the standby power consumption of electrical and electronic equipment, the world's energy consumption an important part of regulations. Survey shows that the standby power consumption has accounted for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) members of the family consumption of 3% to 13%.
    International Energy Agency (IEA) to its member States electrical product manufacturers and sellers launched a "1W Plan" energy-saving initiative, the goal is to make electronic products in 2010 reached 1W standby power consumption less, "1W plan" by the U.S. and Europe a positive response from other developed countries; the United States "Energy Star" program will also include standby power consumption range of products to its certification standards, California's "Electric Efficiency Act" has to become a legal requirement; Australia's standby power consumption of the second phase of the national strategy for all products in 2012 and off to standby 0.5W 1W mandatory targets, products, including information technology equipment, audio and video products, large appliances and small household appliances four categories; South Korea in April 1999 proposed "e-Standby" program, the third step plan starting from 2010, forcing manufacturers to achieve 1W standby power consumption below, from voluntary to mandatory standards and regulations.
    The introduction of 5 new U.S. efficiency standards, and subsidies for energy-efficient products. September 9, 2009, the U.S. Department of Energy issued a five new energy efficiency standards, involving incandescent lamps, air conditioning, commercial boilers, vending machines and other products. The standard is expected to come into effect in 2012. October 2009 launch for air conditioners, refrigerators, washing machines and other energy-saving home appliances subsidies, officially refrigerators and other white goods for energy-saving products, the implementation of the maximum subsidy rate of about 200 U.S. dollars (about 1365 yuan) to buy subsidized policies. In addition to the refrigerator, the washing machine, air conditioner, wash and dry dishes, which qualify for energy efficiency standards for home appliances products, including imported goods will be eligible to buy subsidized, the amount of subsidy ranging from 50 to 200 U.S. dollars, total budget of approximately $ 300,000,000.
    Reading survey shows that a variety of electrical and electronic products in China, the average standby power of up to 15 ~ 30W, between the implementation of regulatory requirements with the EUP disparities. It is estimated that the first stage of each product to 1 ~ 2W standby power consumption, companies need to increase the cost of about 5 yuan; reached the second phase of the 0.5 ~ 1W power consumption, the need to increase the cost about 10 yuan; to China's annual export No Commission Regulation No. 1275/2008 of 4 categories of products covered by 500 million units calculated, the first stage of the need to increase the cost of 2.5 billion, while the second phase of increase of 50 billion cost, the number is considerable. Especially for small household appliances, the cost price, but also 100 to 200 yuan, in order to achieve the objectives of the legislation to increase the cost of a very small profit for the company greater impact.
    Green barriers diversified.
    A few days ago the EU WEEE and RoHS directives the new revised draft. The European Parliament is expected in April 2010 on the WEEE and RoHS directives vote on the draft amendments, followed by possible adoption of two new instructions. New command in the Official Journal (OJ) publication date of 18 months after the implementation of the EU-27. RoHS directive second important change in the revised draft are: to cover all electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), unless otherwise specified excluded. The revised text of the draft Directive and WEEE Annex IA and Annex reinsert IB (electrical and electronic equipment categories and the category list of products). Developed a revised draft WEEE Directive WEEE collection and recycling to be achieved objectives and financial requirements. The draft also stipulates that Member States should encourage manufacturers to undertake electrical and electronic waste from the private family collection facilities for all costs.
    EU REACH regulation has been revised recently. June 1, 2009, the European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 76/769/EEC original was abolished, REACH regulations in Annex XVII restrictions came into effect. The end of June 2009, Annex XVII witnessed the first amendment to the original limit of 52 categories on the basis of material, then an increase of 6 classes restricted substances. Exports to the EU products do not meet the restrictions, will be forced to recall or withdrawal of the EU market risk.
    Japan REACH regulation can not be discounted. Japanese version of REACH is expected to be fully implemented in 2010. Japan for more than 20,000 kinds of REACH reporting obligations of chemicals. Meanwhile, the Government will announce a higher risk "priority evaluation of substances", and to the 354 kinds of harmful chemicals added to 462 kinds of hazardous chemicals will be implemented from suppliers to manage the whole process of production.

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